Multilevel Modeling

1. Learning Objectives

After reviewing this chapter, readers should better be able to:

  • Recognize a research problem requiring a multilevel modeling approach;
  • Describe the technical and substantive advantages of multilevel models;
  • Explain the basic principles of multilevel modeling using graphical, verbal, and statistical language for a range of multilevel models;
  • Develop a variety of models that enable quantitative assessment of contextual effects; and
  • Apply multilevel models to a research problem according to a well-articulated research strategy.