Objective Measurement of Subjective Phenomena
1. Learning Objectives
After reviewing this chapter readers should be able to:
- Define and understand the basic elements of measuring behavioral outcomes.
- Identify different types of behavioral outcomes and the measurement procedures for assessing them.
- List and give examples of methods of constructing measures, along with the problems and biases that may arise when assessing constructs.
- Identify and define different types of reliability, distinguishing among types of reliability and their unique insights into the assessment of outcomes.
- Define traditional forms of validity – content, criterion-related, and construct validity – and understand how convergent and discriminant validity offers clearer information regarding validity.